Epinephrine (Inhalation Route)

Name: Epinephrine (Inhalation Route)

US Brand Name

  1. Adrenalin
  2. Primatene Mist


Epinephrine inhalation is used as temporary relief for mild symptoms of a weak type of asthma, called intermittent asthma (eg, chest tightness, troubled breathing).

This medicine is available with your doctor's prescription and over the counter.

This product is available in the following dosage forms:

  • Aerosol Liquid


Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of epinephrine inhalation in the elderly.

Other Medical Problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Diabetes or
  • Enlarged prostate or
  • Glaucoma, narrow-angle or
  • Heart disease or history of or
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure), or
  • Seizures or
  • Thyroid problems or
  • Trouble urinating—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.


The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

  • For inhalation dosage form (aerosol):
    • For relief of asthma symptoms:
      • Adults and children 12 years of age and older—1 to 2 inhalations for each dose. Wait at least 1 minute between each inhalation. Wait at least 4 hours between doses. Do not use more than 8 inhalations in 24 hours.
      • Children younger than 12 years of age—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.


Store the canister at room temperature, away from heat and direct light. Do not freeze. Do not keep this medicine inside a car where it could be exposed to extreme heat or cold. Do not poke holes in the canister or throw it into a fire, even if the canister is empty.

Keep out of the reach of children.

Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.

Throw the inhaler away if the spray indicator displays "0" or if it has expired.